10 Popular Programming Languages to Learn in 2023

In the rapidly evolving world of technology, learning a programming language is essential for personal and professional growth. As technology continues to shape our daily lives, the demand for skilled developers is at an all-time high. To help you stay in the race of learning, we’ve compiled a list of the ten most demanded programming languages to learn this year.

The easy way of learning coding languages is by taking a professional course, and a BCA course is extremely popular in this regard. It will not only teach you the coding language but also help you start your career in the IT industry. To decide your direction of learning and career, carefully choose the BCA specialisation.

Coming back to the topic, here is a list of the most popular programming languages-


JavaScript is a widely used programming language worldwide and is a very popular programming language in India. It is mainly used as a client-side language by almost 98% of all websites. Though it was originally intended for web browsers, it is now used for non-web browser applications and server-side website deployments. The coding language was first introduced in 1995 as LiveScript but was later rebranded as JavaScript to align with the popularity of Java at the time. Despite the name similarity, the two languages are distinct.


Python is an open-source programming language known for its readability and ease of use for beginners. It has a large community and a wide range of modules and libraries and can be used for many tasks, including web development, machine learning, scientific computing, and animation. Python has been used to develop popular software such as Inkscape, Blender, Civilization IV, Autodesk, Vegas Trike, Toontown, and websites like Quora, Instagram, Pinterest, and YouTube.


PHP is a widely-used, open-source programming language created in 1990. It is commonly used for web development and powers major websites such as Facebook and Yahoo. PHP is primarily used for server-side scripting but can also be used for command-line scripts and desktop applications. It is a relatively easy language for beginners and has a strong online community for support and assistance.

C and C++

C and C++ are two of the most widely used and popular programming languages. C is considered one of the oldest programming languages and is the foundation for other languages like C#, Java, and JavaScript. C++ is an extension of C and is often considered a more advanced language. Some developers learn C first to gain a strong foundation before moving on to C++. Both languages are used in computer science and programming (commonly used in applications where performance is crucial such as client/server applications, commercial products like Firefox and Adobe, and video games).


SQL is a widely-used and powerful database query language used for accessing & manipulating data in databases. It is declarative and specifies desired results but not the steps to achieve them. As a result, it is popularly used in many applications and systems, such as web applications, data warehouses, and e-commerce applications. However, it can be challenging for those unfamiliar with programming or database concepts. It may need to be more convenient for a few types of tasks, such as complicated mathematical calculations or machines.


CSS is a style-sheet language used to control the presentation of web pages created in markup languages such as HTML or XML. It allows developers to style all HTML elements, including text, headings, paragraphs, and more. Additionally, CSS can style grid components, table elements, and images. It helps to create responsive and accessible websites, but it can also be challenging to debug and time-consuming to write. Overall, it is a powerful tool for styling web documents, but it’s essential to be aware of its potential drawbacks.


Go was developed by Google in 2007. It is a programming language known for its efficiency and concurrent execution capabilities. It has a large vocabulary and similar syntax to C but also offers advanced memory safety and management features. As a result, Go is highly valued by programmers and learning it can get up to a 33% salary increase. It is used for system/network programming, audio/video editing, and big data.


According to Stack Overflow, Rust is a multi-paradigm programming language that many developers love, with 86% of users wanting to continue using it. Despite its popularity, only 3% of developers use it, indicating that it needs to be more well-known. Rust is similar to C++ in syntax but has more comprehensive applications; it is excellent for operating systems, VR, and web browsers. Its advantages include faster compilation and better cross-platform capabilities. It is a good choice for those seeking better career prospects.


Swift is a programming language designed by Apple in 2014 for Linux and Mac applications. It is an open-source language that is easy to learn, supports many features of Objective-C, and requires less coding skill. It is equipped to be used with IBM Swift Sandbox and IBM Bluemix. Swift is used in well-known apps like Mozilla Firefox, WordPress, SoundCloud, and even the game Flappy Bird. Professionals who develop iOS applications with Swift earn an average annual salary of around $106,652.


HyperText Markup Language is the classic language for web pages and applications. It is used to frame and present content on the web and is commonly used alongside CSS and JavaScript. HTML is easy to learn, making it a great commencing point for those new to web development. The latest version, HTML5, provides better multimedia and interactive content support, making it a persuasive tool for creating engaging web experiences. However, HTML is less expressive than programming languages like JavaScript or PHP, meaning that complex web applications or pages can be more challenging to develop. Moreover, HTML is not a very guarded language, so web developers must carefully encode any user input to prevent security vulnerabilities. Finally, HTML can be challenging for newcomers, as it has a lot of different elements and syntax rules.


Demand for skilled programmers in the industry is rising, and as a result, learning a programming language can be a valuable investment in one’s career. As we have already mentioned, getting an MCA degree can be a great way to learn programming languages and get placed afterwards. But while you pursue your MCA, you can learn additional skills through Sunstone’s industry-aligned training modules. These training modules have been designed to upskill students and help them get better jobs.